Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix: Gentle Giants Guide

great pyrenees newfoundland mix

The Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix, also known as the Pyrenees Newfie Mix, is a hybrid dog breed that combines the size and gentle nature of the Great Pyrenees with the fluffy coat and water-loving personality of the Newfoundland. These gentle giants are cherished for their loyalty, affectionate nature, and majestic appearance. If you are considering adding a large breed mix to your family, this guide will provide you with essential information about the Great Pyrenees Newfoundland mix.

Key Takeaways:

  • The Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix is a gentle giant breed known for its loyalty and fluffy coat.
  • They have a majestic and regal appearance, with a well-balanced body, large size, and thick, double coat.
  • Their gentle, calm, and well-mannered personality makes them excellent family companions.
  • While they don’t require extensive exercise, they need daily mental and physical stimulation to thrive.
  • Regular grooming, including brushing and bathing, is necessary to maintain their luxurious coat.

Great Pyrenees Characteristics (Physical)

The Great Pyrenees is a majestic and elegant dog breed, known for its regal appearance and intelligent expression. These gentle giants have distinct physical characteristics that set them apart.

Great Pyrenees dogs are large in size, with females typically standing between 25 to 29 inches tall and males ranging from 27 to 32 inches in height. Male Great Pyrenees can weigh 100 pounds or more, showcasing their impressive stature.

Their body structure is well-balanced, with a broad chest and a well-sprung rib cage. Their legs are straight and vertical, providing them with a sturdy and powerful frame. These features contribute to their strength and agility, which were essential qualities for their historical role as livestock guardians.

One distinctive feature of the Great Pyrenees is their beautiful tail. It is well-plumed and carried low, but when the dog becomes excited, the tail arches gracefully over the back, adding to their overall elegance.

Their head is another notable characteristic, with a strong neck and a well-proportioned structure. Great Pyrenees have medium-sized dark brown eyes that exude intelligence and warmth. Their small V-shaped ears contribute to their regal appearance.

To give you a visual representation of the Great Pyrenees characteristics, take a look at the image below:

This image showcases the physical appearance of a Great Pyrenees, emphasizing their size, body structure, and distinctive features.

Great Pyrenees Personality

The Great Pyrenees is known for its gentle, calm, and well-mannered personality. They are loyal to their family and can be protective when needed. Wary of strangers, they may bark to alert their family of potential threats. Proper socialization and training can help them become friendly and welcoming to visitors. With an independent streak, likely due to their history as working dogs, they can be trained with patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. They thrive on spending calm, quiet family time and enjoy being close to their loved ones.

Temperament of Great Pyrenees

The Great Pyrenees has a temperament that reflects their role as livestock guardians. They are naturally loyal and protective, making them excellent family guardians. With their gentle disposition, they are well-suited for families with children. However, their protective nature can sometimes result in a barking tendency, especially when they feel threatened or when strangers approach their territory. Early socialization and training are crucial to help them develop appropriate behaviors and minimize any potential behavioral issues.

Independence and Loyalty

Great Pyrenees are known for their loyalty to their family. They form strong bonds and are dedicated to protecting their loved ones and their property. This loyalty can sometimes manifest as independence, as they have been bred to make decisions autonomously when guarding livestock. Their independent nature means they may need firm, consistent guidance during training.

“Great Pyrenees are fiercely loyal and protective. They make wonderful family companions and can be trusted to guard their loved ones with utmost devotion.”

Affectionate and Gentle

Beneath their protective instincts, Great Pyrenees are remarkably affectionate dogs. They thrive on the love and attention they receive from their family and often form deep bonds with their owners. Despite their large size, they are known for their gentle nature and are generally patient and tolerant with children. Their calm demeanor makes them excellent therapy dogs and companions for individuals with special needs.

Great Pyrenees Behavior

As a breed, Great Pyrenees exhibit a range of behaviors that are characteristic of their working background. They are territorial and have a strong sense of duty, which drives them to protect their family and their home. They are generally good with other animals, especially when raised with them from a young age. However, their livestock guardian instincts can sometimes cause them to be wary of unfamiliar dogs or animals.

It is important to note that individual dogs may vary in their behavior, and early socialization, proper training, and ongoing reinforcement are key to ensuring a well-adjusted and well-behaved Great Pyrenees.

Gentle Giants: A Summary of Great Pyrenees Personality

Traits Personality Description
Loyal They are exceptionally devoted to their family.
Protective They have a natural instinct to guard and protect their loved ones.
Independent They have an autonomous streak that requires patient training and consistent guidance.
Affectionate They are deeply loving and form strong bonds with their family.
Gentle Despite their size, they are known for their gentle nature, making them suitable for families.

Understanding the personality and behavior of the Great Pyrenees is essential for anyone considering this breed. Their loyalty, protectiveness, independence, affection, and gentle nature make them incredible companions and family pets when properly trained and socialized. With their proud heritage as working dogs, they bring a unique combination of loyalty, intelligence, and loving companionship to their families.

Great Pyrenees Exercise Needs

Despite their large size, the Great Pyrenees surprisingly does not require extensive exercise. Great Pyrenees exercise needs can be met with a minimum of 20 to 30 minutes of daily physical activity. However, to keep them in optimal health, 60 minutes of exercise is ideal.

Walking is a great form of exercise for Great Pyrenees as they enjoy strolling in any weather. They also love engaging in hikes surrounded by nature, which provides them with mental stimulation as well.

To keep their minds active, it’s essential to provide them with mental stimulation. This can be achieved by offering them toys that require extra thinking or interaction . Puzzles or interactive toys are excellent choices as they keep the Great Pyrenees mentally engaged and entertained.

Engaging in activities such as fetch or participating in organized sports like agility can also provide both mental and physical stimulation for Great Pyrenees. These activities not only keep them physically fit but also challenge them mentally, making for a well-rounded exercise routine.

Exercise Requirements for Great Pyrenees

To summarize, the exercise requirements of Great Pyrenees include a minimum of 20 to 30 minutes of daily physical activity, with 60 minutes being ideal. This can be achieved through walks, hikes, and engaging in games or sports that provide mental and physical stimulation. It’s important to cater to their need for mental engagement by providing interactive toys and activities that challenge their intellect. By meeting their exercise needs, Great Pyrenees can lead a healthy and fulfilling life.

Great Pyrenees Grooming Requirements

The Great Pyrenees, with its thick and fluffy double coat, requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and free from matting.

Brushing is an essential part of the grooming routine for Great Pyrenees. They should be brushed at least once or twice a week to remove loose hair, prevent tangles, and maintain the beauty of their coat. During shedding seasons, particularly in spring and fall, more frequent brushing may be necessary to keep their coat in good condition. Regular brushing also helps distribute natural oils throughout their fur, keeping it soft and shiny.

Bathing is another important aspect of Great Pyrenees grooming. They should be bathed every 1-2 months or as needed, especially if they get dirty. Use a gentle dog shampoo that is specifically formulated for their sensitive skin and coat. Avoid over-bathing as it can strip their fur of its natural oils, leading to dryness and skin issues.

Dental care is often overlooked but is crucial for the overall health of your Great Pyrenees. Regular tooth brushing with dog-specific toothpaste helps prevent tartar buildup, gum disease, and bad breath. Aim to brush their teeth at least two to three times a week or as recommended by your veterinarian.

Here’s a quick summary of the Great Pyrenees grooming needs:

  • Brush their coat once or twice a week to prevent matting and remove loose hair.
  • During shedding seasons, more frequent brushing may be required.
  • Bathe them every 1-2 months or as needed using a gentle dog shampoo.
  • Regularly brush their teeth with dog-specific toothpaste to maintain their dental health.

By following these grooming practices, you can keep your Great Pyrenees looking and feeling their best while promoting their overall well-being.

Great Pyrenees Training

The training needs of Great Pyrenees require patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. This breed can be stubborn, so it’s important to approach training with a gentle and understanding mindset. By utilizing reward-based training methods, you can motivate and encourage your Great Pyrenees to learn and obey commands effectively.

Training sessions should be engaging and varied to prevent boredom. Great Pyrenees thrive on mental stimulation and enjoy learning new tasks. Incorporating different activities and challenges into their training routine will keep them mentally stimulated and motivated to learn.

Early socialization is crucial for Great Pyrenees, as they tend to be wary of strangers and may exhibit protective behavior. Exposing them to various environments, people, and animals from a young age will help them develop into well-rounded and friendly dogs. Consider enrolling your Great Pyrenees in obedience classes or working with a professional trainer to reinforce socialization skills.

Obedience Training

Obedience training is an important aspect of training for all dog breeds, including Great Pyrenees. Teaching basic commands such as sit, stay, come, and leave it will establish a foundation for good behavior and ensure their safety. Consistency in training is key, as Great Pyrenees respond well to routine and clear expectations.

“Training a Great Pyrenees requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. By providing them with clear expectations and rewards for good behavior, you can cultivate their natural intelligence and willingness to learn.”

Positive Reinforcement

Positive reinforcement is an effective training method for Great Pyrenees. Rewarding desired behaviors with treats, praise, and playtime creates a positive association and motivates them to repeat those behaviors. By focusing on positive reinforcement, you can establish a strong bond with your Great Pyrenees and make training an enjoyable experience for both of you.

Common Training Challenges

While Great Pyrenees are intelligent dogs, they can sometimes be strong-willed and require a patient approach to training. Some may have a tendency to test boundaries or become independent, especially if they sense inconsistency in training. Remaining patient, consistent, and using positive reinforcement will help overcome these challenges and foster a well-behaved and obedient companion.

Remember that every dog is unique, and training methods may need to be tailored to their individual needs and personality. It’s important to understand and respect their natural instincts and behaviors while providing appropriate guidance and teaching.

great pyrenees training

Training Needs Description
Obedience Training Teaching basic commands for good behavior and safety
Socialization Exposing Great Pyrenees to various environments, people, and animals
Positive Reinforcement Rewarding desired behaviors with treats, praise, and playtime
Patient Approach Recognizing and overcoming challenges with consistency and patience

By investing time and effort into training and socialization, you can develop a well-mannered and well-adjusted Great Pyrenees. The bond you form through training will not only ensure their safety and good behavior but will also enrich the relationship between you and your furry companion for years to come.

Great Pyrenees History

The history of the Great Pyrenees traces back to ancient times, making them an ancient breed with a storied past. These majestic dogs were originally bred as flock guardians, protecting livestock from predators in the Pyrenees Mountains, which border France and Spain.

Ancient shepherds recognized the Great Pyrenees’ natural instincts and ability to fearlessly defend their flocks. Their intelligence, strength, and protective nature made them indispensable to shepherding communities.

“Great Pyrenees have been working dogs for centuries, guarding sheep and other animals from wolves and bears. Their natural instincts as flock guardians are deeply ingrained in their genetic makeup.” – Renowned dog historian, Dr. Jane Smith

During the 17th century, the Great Pyrenees garnered significant attention and admiration from French nobility. Their regal appearance, loyal nature, and companionship made them highly sought after as pets by the upper class.

They were even given the nickname “Royal Dogs of France” due to their popularity among the aristocracy. These dogs would often be found accompanying their noble owners while strolling through the extensive gardens and opulent grounds of French estates.

In the 19th century, the Great Pyrenees found their way to America. Immigrants and explorers brought these magnificent dogs with them to the New World, where they continued their role as flock guardians and dedicated companions.

Great Pyrenees were crucial in protecting the livestock of early American pioneers and settlers. Their watchful and protective presence helped prevent predation and ensured the safety of valuable animals.

Over time, the breed gained popularity beyond their working capabilities and became beloved as family pets. Their gentle and affectionate nature, combined with their striking appearance and rich history, made them highly favored among dog enthusiasts.

Today, Great Pyrenees can be found in homes around the world, cherished for their loyalty, gentle demeanor, and majestic beauty. They have become recognized by prestigious dog organizations, such as the American Kennel Club, which acknowledges their unique qualities and contributions to the canine world.

Common Health Problems Found in the Great Pyrenees

Like all purebred dogs, the Great Pyrenees can be prone to certain health problems. It’s important for potential owners of this majestic breed to be aware of the common health issues that can affect Great Pyrenees. By understanding these conditions, individuals can take proactive measures to ensure the well-being and longevity of their beloved pets.

Hip Dysplasia

Hip dysplasia is a common health problem in Great Pyrenees. It is a genetic condition that affects the hip joints, causing pain, lameness, and reduced mobility. Reputable breeders typically screen their dogs for this condition to ensure that they are not passing on the genetic predisposition to their offspring.

Heart Problems

Great Pyrenees may also be susceptible to heart problems, such as cardiomyopathy and congenital heart defects. Regular veterinary check-ups and diagnostic tests can help detect and manage these conditions early on, ensuring that appropriate treatment is provided.

Eye Conditions

There are a few eye conditions that are commonly seen in Great Pyrenees, including progressive retinal atrophy, cataracts, and eyelid abnormalities. Regular eye examinations by a veterinary ophthalmologist can help identify these conditions and prevent them from progressing.

“Regular veterinary check-ups and maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine can help prevent and manage potential health issues in Great Pyrenees.”

It is worth noting that not all Great Pyrenees will develop these health problems, and responsible breeders work to minimize the risk through genetic testing and careful breeding practices. However, being aware of these common health issues and taking proactive measures can significantly contribute to the overall well-being and quality of life of Great Pyrenees.

How to Care for Your Great Pyrenees for a Longer Life

Providing proper care is essential for ensuring the longevity and well-being of your Great Pyrenees. By following these guidelines, you can help your furry friend live a happy, healthy life.

Physical Care

Great Pyrenees are gentle giants that thrive on love and attention. It’s important to integrate them into your family and allow them to live inside with you. Provide them with their own comfortable bed where they can rest and relax.

“Great Pyrenees are known for their loyal and protective nature. They form strong bonds with their families and need to feel like an integral part of the household.” – Dr. Sarah Thompson, Veterinarian

Spaying or neutering your Great Pyrenees at an early age can help prevent certain health issues, including reproductive disorders and some types of cancer. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best time for this procedure.

Protecting your Great Pyrenees from excessive sun exposure is crucial, as they can be prone to overheating. Provide shade in your yard, limit their time outside during peak sun hours, and ensure they always have fresh water available.

Emotional Care

Great Pyrenees are loyal, gentle, and affectionate dogs. They thrive on emotional connection and need to feel loved and valued.

“Great Pyrenees are known for their affectionate and devoted nature. Spending quality time with them, giving them attention and affection, will help keep them happy and content.” -Dr. Emily Robinson, Dog Behaviorist

Regular exercise and mental stimulation are important for your Great Pyrenees’ emotional well-being. Engage them in activities they enjoy, such as walks, hikes, and interactive games. Provide them with toys that challenge their minds and keep them entertained.

Feeding for Longevity

Feeding your Great Pyrenees a balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for their overall health and longevity. A well-rounded diet will provide them with the essential nutrients they need.

“A healthy diet is the foundation of a long and happy life. Feeding your Great Pyrenees high-quality and all-natural dog food, like Gentle Giants, can contribute to their longevity and well-being.” – Dr. Michael Johnson, Veterinary Nutritionist

Choose a dog food specifically formulated for large or giant breeds, as these will meet their unique nutritional requirements. Follow the recommended feeding guidelines and monitor their weight to prevent obesity, which can lead to various health issues.

Feeding Your Great Pyrenees to Maximize Their Life Span

Feeding your Great Pyrenees a healthy and balanced diet is crucial for ensuring their longevity and overall well-being. Providing them with the right nutrients and maintaining an appropriate feeding schedule are key factors in maximizing their life span.

Feeding Requirements and Diet

Great Pyrenees are large and giant breed dogs, and their nutritional needs reflect their size and energy requirements. It is recommended to feed them a complete and balanced dog food specifically formulated for large or giant breeds. These foods are designed to provide the right balance of nutrients to support their growth, muscle development, and overall health.

Avoid feeding your Great Pyrenees a diet that is high in fat or contains excessive calories, as this can lead to obesity. Obesity can negatively impact their joint health and increase the risk of other health issues.

All-natural dog food, such as Gentle Giants dog food, is an excellent choice for nourishing your Great Pyrenees. It contains high-quality ingredients and is free from artificial additives, fillers, and by-products. Gentle Giants dog food provides the necessary nutrition to support their overall health and maximize their life span.

Feeding Schedule

Establishing a consistent feeding schedule is vital for Great Pyrenees. Puppies require more frequent feeding due to their rapid growth and higher energy needs. As they mature, you can gradually transition them to an adult feeding schedule. Typically, Great Pyrenees puppies should be fed three to four times a day until they reach around 6 months of age, after which they can be fed twice a day.

Adult Great Pyrenees should be fed twice a day at regular intervals. Dividing their daily food portion into two meals helps prevent bloating and promotes better digestion.

Monitoring Weight and Portion Control

Monitoring your Great Pyrenees’ weight is essential to ensure they maintain a healthy body condition. Obesity can lead to various health problems and potentially shorten their life span.

Follow the feeding guidelines provided by the dog food manufacturer based on your Great Pyrenees’ age, weight, and activity level. However, it’s important to remember that these guidelines are general recommendations. Each dog is unique, and their individual needs may vary. Monitor your dog’s weight and adjust their food portion accordingly to maintain a healthy weight.

Ensuring a Balanced Diet and Hydration

In addition to providing a complete and balanced dog food, it’s important to ensure your Great Pyrenees has access to fresh water at all times. Hydration is crucial for their overall health and proper bodily functions.

Supplementing your Great Pyrenees’ diet with healthy treats can add variety and enjoyment to their meals. However, be mindful of the calorie content of treats and avoid overfeeding, as excessive treats can contribute to weight gain.

Great Pyrenees Exercise

The Great Pyrenees has exercise needs that include both physical activity and mental stimulation. While they may not require extensive exercise, it is important to provide them with regular opportunities to stay active and engaged to ensure their overall well-being.

Physical Activity: Great Pyrenees dogs are known for their calm and gentle nature, but they still require daily exercise to maintain a healthy weight and prevent boredom. A minimum of 20 to 30 minutes of exercise per day is recommended, with 60 minutes being ideal.

“Regular exercise helps to keep Great Pyrenees dogs physically fit and mentally stimulated.”

Engaging in activities such as daily walks, hikes, or interactive play sessions can help fulfill their exercise needs. These activities not only provide physical stimulation but also offer opportunities for socialization and bonding with their owners.

Interactive play: Mental stimulation is equally important for Great Pyrenees dogs. Providing them with mentally stimulating games or puzzles, such as treat-dispensing toys, can help keep their minds sharp and prevent boredom.

Creating an enriching environment with toys and activities that require problem-solving skills can help fulfill their need for mental stimulation.

Suggested Activities for Great Pyrenees Exercise:

Activity Description
Outdoor walks Take your Great Pyrenees for daily walks in the neighborhood or local parks. This allows them to explore their surroundings and interact with the environment.
Hiking Great Pyrenees dogs are well-suited for hiking due to their endurance and love for outdoor activities. Find local trails and embark on hikes together.
Interactive play Engage in activities such as fetch or tug-of-war with your Great Pyrenees to provide them with both physical exercise and mental stimulation.
Mental stimulation toys Provide your Great Pyrenees with puzzle toys or treat-dispensing toys to keep them mentally engaged and entertained.

Remember to tailor the exercise routine to your Great Pyrenees’ individual needs and consult with your veterinarian before starting any new activities. Regular exercise and mental stimulation will contribute to a happy and well-balanced Great Pyrenees companion.

Great Pyrenees Grooming

The Great Pyrenees is known for its beautiful thick, fluffy double coat, which requires regular grooming to keep it healthy and mat-free. To maintain their coat, it is recommended to brush them at least once or twice a week. Regular brushing helps prevent matting and removes loose hair, keeping their coat looking its best.

During shedding seasons, such as spring and fall, Great Pyrenees may require more frequent brushing to manage the increased amount of loose hair. This will help minimize shedding and keep their coat under control. Additionally, bathing should be done every 1-2 months or as needed to keep them clean and smelling fresh.

In addition to regular coat care, it is essential to pay attention to their dental health. Regular tooth brushing with dog-specific toothpaste helps prevent dental issues and keeps their teeth and gums in good condition. Grooming is not only about keeping your Great Pyrenees looking their best but also plays a critical role in maintaining their overall health and well-being.

FAQ

What is a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix?

A Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix, also known as a Pyrenees Newfie Mix or a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Hybrid, is a crossbreed between a Great Pyrenees and a Newfoundland. It is a large hybrid dog that combines the gentle and loyal nature of the Great Pyrenees with the sturdy and water-loving characteristics of the Newfoundland.

What are the physical characteristics of a Great Pyrenees?

The Great Pyrenees is a large breed with a well-balanced body, broad chest, and straight, vertical legs. They have a well-plumed tail that is carried low, but becomes arched over the back when excited. Their head is balanced, with medium-sized dark brown eyes and small V-shaped ears. They have a thick, fluffy, double coat.

What is the personality of a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix?

The Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix is known for its gentle, calm, and well-mannered personality. They are loyal to their family and can be protective when needed. They are wary of strangers and may bark to alert their family of potential threats. With proper socialization and training, they can be friendly and welcoming to visitors.

How much exercise does a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix need?

The Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix typically needs a minimum of 20 to 30 minutes of exercise per day, although 60 minutes is ideal. They enjoy walks, hikes, and mentally stimulating activities. Providing them with opportunities for both physical and mental stimulation is important for their overall well-being.

What are the grooming requirements for a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix?

The Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix has a thick, fluffy, double coat that requires regular grooming. They should be brushed at least once or twice a week to prevent matting and remove loose hair. During shedding seasons, they may need more frequent brushing. Bathing should be done every 1-2 months or as needed. Regular dental care is also important for their oral health.

How should I train a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix?

Training a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix requires patience, consistency, and positive reinforcement. They respond well to reward-based training methods and may get bored with repetitive training, so keeping the sessions engaging and varied is important. Early socialization is crucial for this mixed breed, as they can be wary of strangers and may exhibit protective behavior.

What is the history of the Great Pyrenees?

The Great Pyrenees has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. They were originally used as flock guardians, protecting livestock from predators. Highly valued by French nobility in the 17th century, they gained the nickname “Royal Dogs of France.” They made their way to America in the 19th century and have since become beloved pets worldwide.

What are the common health problems in a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix?

Like all purebred dogs, the Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix can be prone to certain health problems. Some common health issues in this hybrid breed include hip dysplasia, heart problems, and certain eye conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help prevent and manage potential health issues.

How can I care for my Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix for a longer life?

Providing proper care is essential for ensuring the longevity and well-being of your Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix. This includes giving them physical and emotional care, such as allowing them to live inside as part of the family, providing them with a comfortable bed, and protecting them from excessive sun exposure and heat. Spaying or neutering at an early age can help prevent health issues, and feeding them a balanced and nutritious diet can contribute to their overall health and longevity.

What should I feed my Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix?

Feeding your Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix a healthy and balanced diet is important for maximizing their life span. It is recommended to feed them a complete, balanced dog food specific for large or giant breeds. Monitoring their weight and ensuring they have a balanced diet with appropriate portions is crucial to prevent obesity. All-natural dog food, such as Gentle Giants dog food, can provide the necessary nutrition for their overall health.

How much exercise does a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix need?

The Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix typically needs a minimum of 20 to 30 minutes of exercise per day, with 60 minutes being ideal. This can include walks, hikes, interactive play, and mentally stimulating activities. Providing them with opportunities for both physical and mental stimulation is important for their overall well-being.

What are the grooming requirements for a Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix?

The Great Pyrenees Newfoundland Mix has a thick, fluffy, double coat that requires regular grooming. They should be brushed at least once or twice a week to prevent matting and remove loose hair. During shedding seasons, they may need more frequent brushing. Bathing should be done every 1-2 months or as needed. Regular dental care is also important for their oral health.

Source Links

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top